Individuals who have dental defects like fissures, grooves or enamel pits are at the maximum risk. These small cracks in the teeth are too narrow to be cleaned effectively but they are large enough to serve as a breeding ground for countless microorganisms.
Prolonged exposure to sugary substances could also be responsible for cavities. It is for this reason that children who do not brush their teeth after having sweet foods end up being victims of cavities. Infants who go to sleep with a baby bottle may also have to deal with baby bottle cavities.
Elderly people are also at risk of cavities, and this is usually due to certain medications that may reduce salivary flow.
Some of these symptoms include
- A lingering pain that does not go away
- Discomfort when eating hot or cold foods
- Pain during chewing
Sometimes, special dyes or transillumination by fiberoptic lights may be used to spot the problem accurately.
However, if the progression of the cavities are severe and the bacteria have reached the gums or the nerve of the tooth, a root canal treatment may be required. A root canal treatment involves drilling, cleaning up of the root canal and administration of a sealant filling. A root canal treatment may require three to four sittings.